Monday, October 18, 2010

The Black Drongo

The Black Drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus), also known as the King Crow, is a small Asian passerine bird of the drongo family Dicruridae. Previously considered a subspecies (Dicrurus adsimilis macrocercus) of the African Fork-tailed Drongo (Dicrurus adsimilis), it is now recognized as a full species. It is a common resident breeder in much of tropical southern Asia from southwest Iran through India and Sri Lanka east to southern China and Indonesia. It is a wholly black bird with a distinctive forked tail and measures 28 cm (11 in) in length. Feeding on insects, it is common in open agricultural areas and light forest throughout its range, perching conspicuously on a bare perch or along power or telephone lines. The species is famous for its aggressive behaviour towards much larger birds, such as crows, never hesitating to dive-bomb any birds of prey that invades its territory. Smaller birds often nest in the well guarded vicinity of a nesting Black Drongo.
The Black Drongo has been introduced to some Pacific islands, where it has thrived and become abundant to the point of threatening and causing the extinction of native and endemic bird species there.
This bird is glossy black with a wide fork to the tail. Adults usually have a small white spot at the base of the gape. The iris is dark brown (not crimson as in the similar Ashy Drongo). The sexes cannot be told apart in the field. Juveniles are brownish and may have some white barring or speckling towards the belly and vent, and can be mistaken for the White-bellied Drongo. First-year birds have white tips to the feathers of the belly, while second-years have these white-tipped feathers restricted to the vent.
They are aggressive and fearless birds, and although only 28–cm (11–in) in length, they will attack much larger species that enter their nesting territory, including crows and birds of prey. This behaviour led to their former name of King Crow. They fly with strong flaps of the wing and are capable of fast manoeuvres that enable them to capture flying insects. With short legs, they sit upright on thorny bushes, bare perches or electricity wires. They may also perch on grazing animals.
They are capable of producing a wide range of calls but a common call is a two note tee-hee call resembling that of the Shikra (Accipiter badius)
The Black Drongo is found predominantly in open country and usually perches and hunts close to the ground. They are mostly aerial predators of insects but also glean from the ground or off vegetation. They are found as summer visitors to northeastern Afghanistan and northern Pakistan but are residents from the Indus Valley until Bangladesh and into India and Sri Lanka. Some populations show seasonal movements that are poorly understood. The Black Drongo can be found in savannas, fields, and urban habitats.
Black Drongos were introduced just before the Second World War from Taiwan to the island of Rota to help in the control of insects. It is believed that they dispersed over the sea to the island of Guam in the 1950s. By 1967, they were the fourth most commonly seen birds in roadside counts on Guam and are today the most abundant bird there. Predation by and competition from Black Drongos have been suggested as factors in the decline of endemic bird species such as the Rota Bridled White-eye and the Guam Flycatcher


Food and foraging
Black Drongo possibly anting, rarely reported but noted in 1937 by T B Fletcher
Black Drongos become active very early at dawn and roost later than many other birds. They feed mainly on insects such as grasshoppers, cicadas, termites, wasps, bees, ants, moths, beetles and dragonflies. They sometimes fly close to tree branches, attempting to disturb any insects that may be present. They congregate in fields that are being ploughed, picking up exposed caterpillars and beetle grubs. As many as 35 birds have been seen at such congregations. They are also attracted to burning grasslands where insects are disturbed. They appear to avoid flies. They associate with Common Mynas, Cattle Egrets and other birds that share a similar diet and habitat. Drongos benefit from this association and are more successful in their foraging. There is only partial overlap in the insect prey sought by mynas and drongos although in rare instances the drongos may rob prey from mynas. It is said that they imitate the call of the Shikra so as to put mynas to flight and then to steal prey. Similar behaviour, using false alarm calls, has been noted in the Fork-tailed Drongo. There are some cases of the Black Drongo preying on small birds, reptiles, or maybe even bats. They have also been on occasion seen feeding on fish Flowers of trees such as Erythrina and Bombax may be visited for water and nectar and they are sometimes known to feed on grains.  They are only rarely known to take larger arthropods such as scorpions and centipedes. They feed on milkweed butterflies that are often avoided by other predators and are known to feed late in the evening or night, often on insects attracted to artificial lights.

Nesting and breeding
 
Nest in West Bengal
Black Drongos breed mainly in February and March in southern India, and until August in other parts of the country. Males and females sing in the mornings during the breeding season. Courtship involves aerobatic chases and they may lock their wings and beaks together, with the pair sometimes falling to the ground. Pair bonds are retained for a whole breeding season. The nest is a cup made with a thin layer of sticks placed in the fork of branch, and is built in a week by both the male and female. Eggs are laid close to the first rains in April. The usual clutch is three or rarely four eggs laid in a cup nest placed in the fork of a outer branch of tree. Large leafy tree such as the Jackfruit are preferred. The eggs are pale cream to red with spots and markings and are 26 mm long (1.05 in) and 19 mm wide (0.75 in). The eggs are incubated by both parents and hatch after 14 to 15 days. Nestlings are brooded for the first five days, after which the young are capable of maintaining a fairly constant body temperature. A second clutch may be laid if the first is destroyed. Nests are sometimes built in telephone poles. A nesting territory of 0.003 to 0.012 km² (0.3 to 1.2 hectares) is maintained.
Helpers, offspring from the previous brood, have sometimes been noted to assist in feeding the fledglings at the nest of their parents. Cases of brood parasitism by the Asian Koel have been noted.An average breeding success of 44% has been noted with the main cause of fledgling mortality being shortage of insect food which in turn was dependent on rainfall.

Mobbing and proximity nesting

 

Their habit of driving away predators from near their nests is believed to encourage other birds such as orioles, doves, pigeons, babblers, and especially bulbuls, to nest in the vicinity.  In one study 18 of 40 nests had Red-vented Bulbuls nesting within 10 metres (33 ft)  An abnormal case of a Red-vented Bulbul feeding the chicks of a Black Drongo at their nest has been recorded.
They are so aggressive that they may sometimes land on large birds of prey and peck them when mobbing.[ It has been suggested that the Asian Drongo-cuckoo (Surniculus lugubris) has evolved to mimic this species. The intensity of mobbing predators was studied in Java and observations showed that there was a significant increase in mobbing, during the nesting season, of some predators such as the Javan Hawk-eagle but the Black Eagle, a nest predator is mobbed with equal intensity in all seasons. It has been suggested that this strategy may avoid giving away the location of nests during the breeding season.
Growth and development
Fully fledged young yet to develop the forked tail
Young birds have a yellowish-red gape. The feather follicles appear on the fourth day and pin feathers emerge after a week. Nestlings increase in weight steadily until they are 12 days old. The eyes open on the eighth day, the iris reddish-black while the gape turns red. The young leave the nest on the 16 or 17th day. They do not have the fork in the tail until three weeks. The parents continue to feed and protect them for a month. Young birds may beg for food for longer, but are often ignored or chased away by the adults. Birds reach breeding condition in about two years.
Play behaviour has been observed with birds dropping a leaf in the air and catching it in mid-air and these may possibly help young birds acquire aerobatic skills.
In southern India, they moult their feathers from June to October. The wing moult begins in July with the first primary and proceeds towards the tenth. Secondaries are replaced from August after the primaries are at the third quill. The secondary moult is not orderly, the 8th and 7th being dropped earlier than the rest. The tail feathers are moulted centrifugally. Seasonal colour changes in the testicular tissues are caused by variation in melanin synthesis, with the dark pigmentation being lost during the breeding season.

Parasites and diseases

Many ectoparasitic bird lice (Myrsidea spp. and Menacanthus spp.), endoparasitic cestodes and nematodes have been described from this species. However no predators or diseases are significant factors in adult mortality.

The Ashy Drongo

The Ashy Drongo (Dicrurus leucophaeus) is a species of bird in the drongo family Dicruridae. It is found widely distributed across South and Southeast Asia with several populations that vary in the shade of grey, migration patterns and in the size or presence of a white patch around the eye

Description
 
The adult Ashy Drongo is mainly dark grey, and the tail is long and deeply forked, There are a number of subspecies varying in the shade of the grey plumage. Some subspecies have white markings on the head. Young birds are dull brownish grey.
Subspecies longicaudatus of India (which includes beavani of the Himalayas that winters on the peninsula, with one breeding population in central India that Vaurie separates as longicaudatus in the restricted sense) is very dark and almost like the Black Drongo although this bird is slimmer and has a somewhat longer and less-splayed tail. It is found in more tall forest habitat, has dark grey underside lacking the sheen of Black Drongo. The iris is crimson and there is no white rictal spot. Subspecies leucogenis and salangensis have a white eye-patch as do several of the island forms that breed further south. The calls are a little more nasal and twangy than that of the Black Drongo

Distribution
The Ashy Drongo breeds in the hills of tropical southern Asia from eastern Afghanistan east to southern China and Indonesia. Many populations in the northern part of its range are migratory. Charles Vaurie described subspecies beavani (after Robert Cecil Beavan) as the population that breeds along the Himalayas that wintered in peninsular India. However later workers include this as part of longicaudatus which also has a population that breeds in central India.In winter, the species is particularly fond of hill forests. E. C. Stuart Baker described stevensi which Vaurie considered as being either beavani or hopwoodi of the eastern Himalayas. To the east of the range of hopwoodi is mouhouti of Thailand and Myanmar. To the north of this range are leucogenis and salangensis (both migratory mainly to areas further south but also known to the west in Nagaland) while bondi is found to the south. Along the southeast Asian island chain, there are number of insular populations including periophthalmus, batakensis, phaedrus, siberu and nigrescens. The nominate form is said to be found on Simalur, Java, Bali, Lombok, Palawan, and Balabac Islands

The Beautiful Parrot

These parrots are one of the worlds most popular parrots mainly because they are very, very social birds and easy to tame, they are known for being a hardy little parrot. Obviously this parrot gets its name for the decorative ring around its neck and vibrant colour. You should know that this parrot is one of natures most affectionate parrot and requires loads of attention and affection and will just adore it daily. While all of the Ringneck Parrots are popular, I have to say here that the Indian variety is hands down the most popular of all the Ringnecks and the easiest to find.

Ring Around the Collar

As I said earlier all of the ringnecks are easy to tame and teach but I will reiterate here that this Parrot needs lots of attention and if it does not recieve its share daily it can become a little on the nippy side, in other words it may peck to remind you not to neglect his daily requirment of affection. This is due to the fact that he is a very social breed and in the wild will live in flocks but the upside is that he will live well with other birds in a cage.
Because this parrot is very intelligent they will require stimulation. The Indian Ringneck parrot appreciates toys brightly coloured ones work well and don't forget to include rope for him/her to chew on and swing from also abell never hurts. Now to the size of your parrot, the Indian Ringneck Parrot will grow to about 14 inches in length also like many parrot species, the male and the female have different colouring. A mature male is the only one to have the pink neck ring. Also it is well to say herre that the Indian Ringneck Parrot is usually green but some colour mutations will include blue and turquoise. It has been estimated that there could be at least 50 mutations and as many as 100.
Members of the Indian Ringneck Parrot family tend to be individualists. Some of these parrots like to bathe while others dislike it intensely. Those who like bathing should be given a chance to splash. Those who dislike it can be misted weekly for cleanliness. The Indian Ringneck Parrot is not one of the great talkers of the parrot kingdom but some individuals do manage to learn. It does enjoy fresh fruits and vegetables and should have some every day.
Like most parrots, a varied diet heavy in grains and seeds is the best. The most important aspect of their care is the attention and affection. The Indian Ringneck Parrot needs to socialize every day to maintain its good nature. Breeding is relatively easy. If there are several birds in the home, the breeding pair should be separated from the others during the breeding season. Like many parrot types, these usually sociable birds become aggressive at breeding time.
Since early breeding can result in egg binding, don’t place a breeding box in with the breeding pair before April. Unlike other human-loving parrots, the fledglings don’t need to be hand fed to become tame. The Indian Ringneck Parrot is a wonderful pet for those who have the time and the love that they need.
I think these are one of the better parrots to introduce to young children especially as they like to be handled and they adore affection and attention. Children love to lavish attention and if the parrot is taught tricks then they will keep are child amused and the bird will be well loved. Also if the child is older and wants to earn a little money they can breed these parrots. So in all I would say that you and your family will have many hours of fun with you Indian Ringneck.

Pakhal Wildlife


Recent Photo of Pakhal Lake 2010

Area: 860-sq-km/86,000 ha
Established In: 1952 as a sanctuary.
Location: 50-km From Warangal, Andhra Pradesh

Description:
Pakhal Wildlife Sanctuary is a manmade lake, completed in 1213 AD by the Kakatiyas. The sanctuary is spread over 860-sq-km consisting of a large plateau surrounded by low hills. The environment and the Pakhal Lake form the core area of the sanctuary. The vegetation consists of tropical dry deciduous mixed forests, bamboo and mixed teak forests.

Its natural scenic beauty and landscape is extremely beautiful and captivating, which makes this place worth visiting. This sanctuary consists of a large plateau surrounded with low hills. The Pakhal Lake and its environs form the core area. Altitude ranges from 280-300 ft.

Visiting Season:
November To June

Access:
By Rail Nearest railway station is at Warangal
By Road: It is located on Narsampet-Warangal division, which is at a distance of 50-km from Warangal. Pakhal is 130-km by road from Hyderabad. It is well connected by road.

Pakhal Wildlife SanctuaryTemperature:
The temperature in this area ranges from 15 -45oC. Average annual rainfall 1,225mm

Accommodation
PWD Rest House, Sulurpet

Wildlife
Flora: Tropical deciduous forests with a few evergreen species such as Aegle marmelos and Mallotus philippensis. The deciduous trees, forming the chief components of the forest are Adina cordifolia, Bombax ceiba, Bridelia retusa, Cleistanthus collinus, Cochlospermum religiosum, Emblica officinalis, Dalbergia latifolia, Flacourtia indica, Garuga pinnata, There are also many climbers, woody herbs and shrubs and monsoon plants. Extensive grasslands occur near the lake.

Fauna Leopard, sambar, nilgai, sloth bear, chital, chowsingha (four-horned antelope) , chinkara (mountain gazelle), blackbuck, wild boar. Large concentration of migratory waterfowls and waders arrive at the lake between November and March.

Wednesday, October 13, 2010

Season wild life in India (Winter)

Winter

 
Arrival : November
Duration : November to February.

Why Winter
Generally, this is the most visited season in India. Winters in India not only captivates tourists to its diverse and vibrant land but also innumerable bird species to its pleasant surroundings. If you are here in the winters, then you will be completely overwhelmed by the bird sights and bird population. The pleasant and bearable winter atmosphere creates a delightful synergy of mutual bonding in the bird sanctuaries of India. Both the resident and the foreign birds live together mutually, where neither of the two encroaches others territory. During winters Sun is soft and solacing, right time to recline under the Sun. Once you sit you will never feel like getting up or you may fall asleep then and there. But, don't do that amidst the wilds, you might get into a danger.

Venture Around in Winters
Some of the Wildlife Sites you Can Visit During Winters.
Though the entire wildlife in India is verdant during the winters, birds sanctuaries are the most lovely places during this period. With the arrival of the winters, several birds from arctic and semis arctic region reach India to spend their winter vacation. But, don't get too much absorbed in birds that, you miss out the other very priceless wildlife sights in India. Winters is the best time to observe them all. Most of the wildlife sanctuaries and parks are open during this period of the year.
 


Some Wildlife Sites You can visit in India :
Roam in the Bird's Paradise
When it comes to name a few bird's paradise in India the name of Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary comes first. This is one very charming and mind-boggling bird's home. So, if you are coming to see birds in India, then make sure that Bharatpur or Keoladeo is there in you travelling list. Again, you might meet other animals during other periods of the year but, you might miss out the most appreciable bird sights, which covers most of the atmosphere of India during winters. If the Indian songs have not hypnotised you yet, then the Indian Bird's melodious notes will and when it is accompanied by the dancing peacocks, then will you able to deny a visit to those bird areas.

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, Rajasthan
If you are in Rajasthan, then this is the place for you to view the birds. Situated in the northwestern state of Rajasthan, Bharatpur or Keoladeo is one of the major winter vacationing areas for large numbers of aquatic birds from Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, China and Siberia. More than 375 species of birds are found in this small wildlife park of 29 sq-km out of which 11 sq-km are marshes and the rest is scrubland and grassland. The beauty of this park is praiseworthy during winters.

Nearby Attractions : The entire state of Rajasthan is just irresistible.

Still Want to See and Hear More
If you are still dying hard to see the birds fly, swim, dance, fight and hear them sing and shout, then here is another opportunity for you. You can again find the fluttering, dancing, running, singing birds in the Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary in Haryana. Close to Delhi, this is the most accessible destination, if you have landed in Delhi first.

Sultanpur National Park, Haryana
The Sultanpur National Park is lush with lawns and trees and shrubs and masses of bougainvillea. There are about 250 species of birds in the Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary. Some of them are resident, while others come from distant regions like Siberia, Europe and Afghanistan.

Nearby Attractions : Delhi, Uttaranchal, Himachal Pradesh.

If you are in India to just see and observe birds, then go straight to South India, here the Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary in the state of Kerala is another finest destination of the birds.

Kumarakom Bird Sanctuaries, Kerala
The Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary, known for it varied avian population is an ornithologist's paradise. The main attractions are local birds like the waterfowl, cuckoo, owl, egret, heron and the water duck, as well as the migratory Siberian cranes. Parrots, teal, larks, flycatchers, wood beetle, and other birds are seen here during their respective migratory seasons.
 
Want to take a Break from the Bird Sights
If you are in the north of India and want to take a break from the bird sights and sight some very elusive creatures in the wilds, then peep into the Corbett National Park in Uttaranchal, the most revered wildlife destination in north India.

Corbett National Park, Uttranchal
Corbett National Park, that once impressed the wildlife lover and expert Jim Corbett, is one of the first and finest wildlife park in India. If this information has made you curious then come and see what was that, which compelled Jim Corbett to spend most of his life here. Take a jeep or an elephant to venture inside the park. An elephant ride will make your trip completely tasteful. Along with the Tigers, also search for Elephants, panthers, fishing sats, leopard cats, Himalayan black bears, pangolins, jackals, martens, porcupines, spotted deer, etc. You will also find numerous birds here. Besides, you can also revive and rejuvenate yourself in the salubrious ambience of the state.

Nearby Attractions : Though the entire state will keep you absorbed, Taj Mahal at Agra, which is very close to the park will surely spellbind you.

Have you seen a Lion Before?
If not, then here is the chance to see them, not one or two but many. Yes, if you are really interested in this ferocious creature, then head towards, Gujarat, where, the Gir National Park will offer you some very unique glimpse of the majestic Asiatic Lions.

Gir national Park, Gujarat
If you are interested in Lions, then move towards west of India, which houses the Gir National Park in the state of Gujarat. The home of lions - Gir National Park is the most ideal place if you are here to observe Lions. But, apart from lions, you will also have encounters with the second most seen predators of the Gir - Leopards. In fact, Gir is also home to one of the largest Leopard populations in any park in India. You will not be disappointed at Gir, as Gir National Park shelter are numerous other animals, birds and reptiles.

Don't Miss This!
Now, if you want to be in a different setting with varied attractions then move to south India. South India with its verdant forest life also has some very appealing and captivating sights to break the monotony of your tour. This will definitely leave you astounding. But, a visit to the Periyar National Park will offers you some thing which you might not find elsewhere. It would be an exhilarating experience to take a boat cruiser to view the exquisite wildlife of the South India.

Periyar National Park, Kerala
While you are on a boat ride, try to take a glance of every corner, or you might miss some very rare species of South India The animals you will find here are Elephants, Tigers, Gaur, Wild Pigs, Sambar, Barking Deer, Mouse Deer, Dole or Indian Wild Dog. There are, now, an estimated 40 tigers in the Periyar national Park. Four species of primates found at Periyar are - the rare lion-tailed macaque, the Nilgiri Langur, Common Langur And Bonnet Macaque. The Periyar lake will give you a glimpse of the beautiful birds residing in the park.
 
Winter Delights
The intoxicating atmosphere, the Christmas bells, the New Years Eve are some of the delights which keeps the tourists preoccupied in their tour during the winters. If you want to celebrated the Christmas in India, then Goa and Kerala are the most ideal location, as they possess several very ancient and amazingly structured churches of India. Winters in these parts of India are perfect, if you are looking for a smiling and soothing sun to laze on the soft sand of the palm fringed beaches.

This is the time when the markets look delightful with varied vegetables and fruits. The shopping complex are tastefully set for the visitors. During winters, you can taste numerous delicacies of India, which you might not find during other periods of the year. This is the best time to savour on some truly India snacks like samosas, pakoras, etc.

Few Difficulties
During winters, the north Indian region is generally covered under the thick carpet of fog. The flights and trains are generally delayed due to fogs. The extreme northern part of India is too chilling and sometimes very unbearable. The state of Jammu & Kashmir is generally covered under the thick layer of snow and the routes are blocked by snow. At some parts of Himalayas, the temperature goes under 0 degree centigrade. In very high altitudes, nose bleeding is a very common phenomena.

Few Suggestions
Carry winter accessories suitable to avoid the cold. Stay away from the cold waves. Also wear heavy warm clothes during your tours to the high altitude zones. Don't get into any unknown or illegal activity. Play safe with the locale culture and lifestyle. Take proper measure while travelling the high altitude zones.

If you want more information on Wildlife India Tour then get back to us, whenever needed. Let us know your requirements, so that we can make your trip to India Wildlife completely exceptional and exciting.

Sason wild life in India (Fall/Autumn)

Fall / Autumn

Arrival : September
Duration : September and October

Why Fall / Autumn
When the Autumn comes the festivals are not far behind. Yes, this is the season of festivals in India. The entire atmosphere bounces with fun & festivals. Most of the major festivals are celebrated during this season. The entire ambience goes gaga. The swaying paddy fields look like green ocean and the air reverberates with drum beats and the chanting of mantras.

This is another most pleasant season of India, when the rain is gone and the winter is on its way. This is one of the most ideal time to visit India, as the climate is neither to hot nor too cold. Autumn is somewhat like the spring season. Before departing, the rainy season spreads a carpet of greenery all around, which leaves the environment booming. The most spectacular is the Flora & Fauna, which is worth a visit, as India boasts of some rare & exquisite variety of them.

Venture Around in Fall / Autumn
This is the right time for the wildlife enthusiasts. India is the most ideal location for the tourists, who are keen in seeing varied type of floras & faunas sheltering in varied types of topography. Most of the wildlife sanctuaries and parks are open during this period of the year.
Some Wildlife Sites You can visit in India :
Bandipur National Park, Karnataka
If you are heading towards south then visit Bandipur National Park in Karnataka. Bandipur National Park starts blooming with the arrival of pre-monsoon showers in the month of April. This park is home to many birds and animals. The charming surroundings, the rare inhabitants, the pleasant climate and the closeness to several astounding destinations of the south, Bandipur is the most perfect place for one who is interested in all. You will come to see elephants, gaurs, and some beautiful birds in its surroundings.

Nearby Attractions : Close to Bandipur are numerous charming places of Karnataka, adding glory to its beautiful land. Rich in cultural and tradition, Karnataka also boasts of its world renowned Carnatic Vocal Music. Watch the cultural shows organised in the Karnataka and know Karnataka through its rich dance and music forms. Also visit the ancient ruined kingdoms of Hampi, an art which will leave you astounding.

From Bandipur, the closest sanctuary open during the Autumns is Periyar National Park in Kerala. So, if you are a die-hard fan of wildlife India then move to Periyar National Park in Kerala.

Periyar National Park, Kerala
It would not be a good idea to miss this sanctuary, as Periyar boasts of some excellent stock of wildlife. Make sure that you have added Periyar in your Wildlife India Tour itinerary, before heading towards India. Periyar harbours thousands of elephants often seen roaming in groups.
Apart from elephants, you will also have an encounter with Tigers, Gaur, Wild Pigs, Sambar, Barking Deer, Mouse Deer, Dole or Indian Wild Dog, etc. Periyar also inhabits the elusive Nilgiri Tahr, which is rarely seen here. Also cruise through the Periyar lake to get a glimpse of the beautiful birds fluttering in the lakeside of the park.

Nearby Attractions : Kerala Backwater Houseboats and Beaches.

Have you Caught the Sight of Royal Tigers?
If not then here is the chance. Fly to Madhya Pradesh. Coming straight from the south this will be a pleasant break. Bandhavgarh and Kanha in Madhya Pradesh will offer you an absolutely different atmosphere and climate from the south. The jungles of Madhya Pradesh are so rich, dense and verdant that, once they inspired Rudyard Kipling to write the "Jungle Books."

Bandhavgarh National Park & Kanha National Park, Madhya Pradesh
If you are dying to watch the elusive big cats, then you are now in the right place, as Bandhavgarh is renown for it's big cat population. The Bandhavgarh region at the central part of India is bestowed with a large variety of natives in terms of animals and plants. You can easily sight tigers, leopards, gaur, chital, sambar, dholes, wild boars here.
Make you wildlife India tour more prolific with more tours to Central India wildlife in the state of Madhya Pradesh. You can not miss out this tiger country, yes it is Kanha National Park. If you are still not satisfied of tiger sightings, then slip away to the Kanha National Park, not far from the Bandhavgarh. Kanha has high concentration of tigers, the best place in the world to see tigers. Tiger sightings are very common here.

Other than the tiger, some of the more frequently seen animals in the park consist of Leopards, Gaur, Sambar, Chausinghas, Barasingha, Deer, Swamp Deer (Barasingha), Blackbuck, Wild Boars, Porcupines, Mouse Deer, Hyenas, Jackals, Wild Dogs (Dholes), etc. Kanha has over 300 different species of birds within its complex.

Nearby Attractions : The temple city of Khajuraho, the Hill resort of Panchamarhi, Panna National Park, Gwalior, Ujjain, Sanchi, etc.

Are you Looking for the Asiatic Lions?
When you are in India, how can you miss out the Asiatic Lions. India's Gir National Park is the last home of the Asiatic Lions. To believe it, you have to see it. You don't have to search for them, they are abundant in the Gir National Park of Gujarat in India. From Kanha it will be quite easy for you to visit the Gir National Park, as Gujarat is the neigbouring state of Madhya Pradesh.

Gir National Park, Gujarat
So, you have decided to take a glimpse of the elusive Asiatic Lions. The home of lions - Gir National Park is the most ideal place if you are here to observe Lions. But, be careful, may be when your are hunting for lion, some other creature might hunting for you, yes another member of the big cat family - the Leopards. Leopards are the second most seen predator in the Gir, in fact, Gir is also home to one of the largest Leopard populations in any park in India.

Though, your entire day will be engaged with the Lions and Leopards of the Gir, it would be a great idea to take some time out of your tour itinerary and visit the most revered Somnath Temple and the Veraval beaches, both will give you a most needed break.

But, Don't Miss Out This

Ranthambhore National Park, Rajasthan
Yes, Ranthambhore has something which others don't. Ranthambhore National Park is home to several carnivores including Leopard, Wild Dog, Jungle Cat, Hyena, Jackal, and Tiger.

If you are a true wildlife lover, then Ranthambore Wildlife Sanctuary in Rajasthan will surely enthuse you with an enthusiastic diversity of flora and fauna. The landscape of the Ranthambore National Park is formed of massive rock formations, steep scarps, perennial lakes and streams and forest suddenly opening up into large areas of Savannah, but, the most captivating sight is a tiger on the backdrop of the Ranthambhore Fort, a sight you will cherish through out your life. The terrain of Ranthambore Wildlife Sanctuary is a combination of impregnable forests and open bush land. In comparison to other sanctuaries, Ranthambore has rich diversity of fauna and flora - species list comprises of 300 trees, 50 aquatic plants, 272 birds, 12 reptiles including the Marsh Crocodile & amphibians and 30 mammals.

The park area is totally a different world with wide population of ancient Banyan Trees, Dhok & Pipal trees, clusters of mango trees crisscrossed with evergreen patches. Being a typical dry deciduous type forest, the park is mostly populated by Dhok, found through out the region.
Nearby Attractions : The royal land of Rajasthan.

Want to have More!
If Madhya Pradesh inspired Rudyard Kipling to write "Jungle Book", then Corbett National Park inspired the great wildlife expert Jim Corbett to write the "Man-Eaters of Kumaon." What are you thinking about? Just add this to your wildlife India tour itinerary, or you will miss out the opportunity to converse with the Himalayan wilds.

Corbett National Park, Uttranchal
Ready! Then take a jeep or an elephant to venture inside the park. An elephant ride will make your trip completely tasteful. Corbett is situated in the state of Uttaranchal in North India. Apart from Tigers, Elephants, Leopards / Panthers, Jungle cats, Fishing Cats, Leopard cats, Himalayan black bears, Sloth bears, Deers, Hog deer, Barking deer, Ghorals, Wild Boars, Pangolins, Jackals, Martens, Dholes, Civets, Mongooses, Otters, Hares, Porcupines, Chital (spotted deer), Sambar deer, Macaques, Langurs and Blue Bulls (Nilgais) are some of the species which are found here. Besides, you can also revive yourself in the salubrious ambience of the state.

Nearby Attractions : And, if you are really too tired then take a break here, as you have entered the most hypnotising part of the country. Entire Uttaranchal is amazing. Go to any corner, and you will be totally absorbed. Do, you know that Taj Mahal is very close to Corbett. If you keep interest in the history of India, then add this most spectacular marvel of India to your tour itinerary.

More to See and Feel!
Don't oversleep amidst the pampering climate of the Uttaranchal, or you will miss out this most rare sight, that is Sudarbans National Park in the eastern state of West Bengal in India. Move to Eastern part of India to sight the largest delta of the world at Sundarbans, harbouring some 400 tigers within its verdant saline and aqua surroundings.

Sundarbans National Park, West Bengal
Sundarbans is the most appropriate sight after Corbett. This is the ultimate destination for tiger viewing. The Sundarbans forest inhabits more than 400 tigers. The Royal Bengal Tigers in this saline and aqua surroundings are extremely good swimmers. The animal stock of the Sundarbans is quite varied. As you thrive to get a single glimpse of the Royal Bengal Tiger you will have a meeting with - Fishing Cats, Macaques, Wild Boar, Common Grey Mongoose, Fox, Jungle Cat, Flying Fox, Pangolin, Chitals, etc. on the way. Besides, you can also meet various resident and foreign birds.

Did you Miss out Something?
Oh yes! The One-horned Rhinos, isn't it? How can you forget this ancient rare and endangered creature housing in the northeastern part of India. You might not find this massive creature anywhere else in the world. So, from Sundarbans, extend you tour to Assam, where you will find this
40 to 50 million years old creature.

Kaziranga National Park, Assam
If you are hunting for Rhinos, then this is the place for you. Kaziranga supports the largest number of rhino in the subcontinent. The Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctruary is home to the great one horned Indian Rhino, about 900 in number. Apart from Rhinos, it is also famous for Indian Elephants.



The Autumn Delights
After you have finished with your wildlife trip, you can go to other parts of India. Wherever you go, whatever you do, there is a lot for you to enjoy. Whatever the destination is, you will enjoy and be amused by its settings. Be it the attractions, the culture, the costumes, the language, the festivals, India will always confuse and amuse you.

If you keep keen interest in the festivals of India, then this is the time to enjoy. Durga Puja, Dussehra and Deepavali are some of the major festivals, you can cherish in India during the Autumns. If you are interested in Durga Puja, then head towards West Bengal - The idols of Goddess Durga accompanied by her whole family and the exquisite Puja Pandals, the Bengali Sweets are just irresistible. Dussehra is another Autumn festival celebrated through out India, but, the most ideal place to celebrated it is Karnataka and North India. As like many festivals, Dussehra symbolizes the triumph of good over evil. Deepavali is celebrated through out the world by the Hindus with great pomp and show. But, India is the best option to make your festival celebration more accomplishing. This is the great festival honouring Mother Lakshmi (goddess of wealth). Generally all Hindus participate and celebrate this festival.

Few Difficulties
Although Autumn is the best time to visit India, you might face some problem. There are many chances of falling ill, if authentic food and water is not consumed. There are chance of Mosquito bites too, specifically in the remote areas. People generally speak their local language, the educated one can speak English. The terrain is varied and sometimes very challenging. You may face difficulty in finding your kind of food. Except from some luxurious hotels, you may not find your choice of food. Transportation in the remote areas are not too appreciable.

Few Suggestions
Don't get into any unknown or illegal activity. Do not disturb the local culture and local atmosphere. Try to respect the local lifestyle. Get well informed about the routes and the place you are going to visit. Drink packaged bottled water and consume food from authentic restaurants. Use mosquito repellents to avoid mosquito bites. Contact us whenever in trouble, while travelling Wildlife India.

If you want more information on Wildlife India Tour then get back to us, whenever needed. Let us know your requirements, so that we can make your trip to India Wildlife completely exceptional and exciting.

Season wild life in India (Summer)

Summer

Arrival : March
Duration : March to June, sometimes extends to July

The Summers in India
India has varied topography and hence the temperature varies through out the region. Summer season is the most unbearable season in the plains of India. The Summer season lasts from March to the end of June. The northern plains get the greatest heat. Temperatures often rise to 49 °C. Temperatures on the coastal plains stay around 29 °C or 32 °C. Cyclones often bring storms to the coastal plains at this time. Parts of the southern plateau remain cool during the hot season. The northern mountains are cool or cold, depending on altitude.

The varied topography also includes some very charming destination ideal to be away from the scorching heat of the Sun in the summers. The high altitude zones in India are the best option to spend your summers in India.

Venture Around in the Summers
Though this is not the best time to visit India, there are certain places which you can definitely visit during the summers. The summers are really unbearable in India. But most of the wildlife sanctuaries and parks are open during this period.
 
Some Wildlife Sites You can visit in India :
Spend Your Summers in the Cool Wilds
If you are on a Wildlife India tour in the Summers, then prefer the sights which have pleasant atmosphere. Corbett close to Himalayas will surely be your first choice, as it will provide you almost everything you might dream of in the summers.

Corbett National Park, Uttranchal
This is the jungle of man-eaters. You must have understood who they are - of course the tigers. Isn't it bloodcurdling? Don't get frightened, if you have made up your mind to observe these furious creatures, take an Elephant ride, as the tigers will not dare to combat them. An elephant ride will make your trip completely tasteful. Corbett is situated in the state of Uttaranchal in North India. Also see the leopards, jungle cats, fishing cats, leopard cats, Himalayan black bears, martens, spotted dees, langurs, etc. are some of the species which are found here. Besides, you can also revive yourself in the salubrious ambience of the state.

Nearby Attractions : Taj Mahal is very close to Corbett National Park. You can also take a glimpse of the national capital New Delhi.

Head Towards the Himalayas
The Indian Himalayas boasts of some very exquisite sights of the wildlife India. If you are here in summers, these will be the ideal wildlife destination for you.

Nanda Devi National Park, The Great Himalayan National Park, Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh boasts of two most eye-catching wildlife sanctuaries in India - Nanda Devi National Park and The Great Himalayan National Park. Surrounded by some bewitching mountains ranges, both the wildlife parks are both the nature and wildlife lover's delight.

The Nanda Devi National Park is one of the most spectacular wilderness areas in the Himalayas. It is overshadowed by the peak of Nanda Devi, which rises to over 7,800 m. The rich vegetaion and the luxuriant surroundings are exceptional in this area. The Fauna section of the park will present animals like bharal, Himalayan tahr, serow, goral, snow leopard, Himalayan black bear, brown bear, leopard, common langur, Himalayan musk deer, and brown beer dominate the park area. There are nearly 80 species of birds in this area. Warblers, gresbreaks, rose finches and ruby throat are commonly seen here.

Go further north and you will discover the most unique and eye soothing sight of The Great Himalayan National Park.
The National Park with an area of 620 sq km is caved out of the fantastic mountain terrain of the Kullu District and has the representative area of temperate and alpine forests of Himachal. It is also one of the largest protected area of the state. Among the animals you will meet here are - musk deer, ghoral, thar, bharal, serow, brown bear, leopard and snow leopard. Bird life includes a variety of colourful Pheasants- Monal, Khalij, Cheer and Tragopan.

Nearby Attraction : If you are in Himachal Pradesh, then there is nothing which you should miss, as entire Himachal is salubrious and relaxing. This will be a nice break from the most tiring summer trips.
 
 
Wilds In the Paradise on Earth
Yes, you are right - it is Dachigam National Park in the extreme northern state of Jammu & Kashmir in India. A tour to the wilds of the Himalayas is the best idea to avoid the scorching sun of the summers. The tour to Jammu & Kashmir will keep you away from the burning heat of the plains in India.

Dachigam National Park, Jammu & Kashmir
Dachigam National Park is the best known of all the sanctuaries present in the state of Jammu & Kashmir in the extreme north of India. Formerly, an exclusive hunting preserve of the Maharaja of Kashmir, it was declared a national park in the year 1951, due to a strictly imposed conservation programme, to preserve the Hangul population or the Kashmiri Stag.

Nearby Attractions : Vaishno Devi in Jammu and Leh Ladakh will truly spellbind you.

Hunting for the Rhinos
Coming down towards the east, you will be obstructed by the fantastic sights of the Royal Chitwan National Park in Nepal. Take a drive away to the Royal Chitwan National Park in Nepal, amidst the beauty of the Terai.

Royal Chitwan National Park, Nepal
Royal Chitwan National Park is Nepal’s first and most famous national park is situated in the Chitwan Doon or the lowlands of the inner Terai.

This ecologically diverse area is the last remaining home in Nepal for more than 300 of the endangered Asian one-horned rhinos and harbours one of the largest populations of the elusive and rare Royal Bengal Tiger. Besides Rhino and Tiger, Chitwan also support a great variety of flora and fauna. There are four species of Deer, including the Spotted Chittal, Leopard, Sloth Bear, Wild Dog, Small Wild Cats, the white stockinged Gaur (world’s largest wild cattle) and many other smaller animals.

Nearby Attraction : Mount Everest, the largest peak of the world.

Go Further Beyond the Eastern India
If you are still not satisfied and searching for more, then don't be disappointed, as India has lots more for you. Reach out to the northeastern part of India, housing some very exquisite landscape, making home for some very rare and endangered species of the wild.

Kaziranga National Park, Assam
If you are hunting for Rhinos, then this is the place for you. Kaziranga supports the largest number of rhino in th7e subcontinent. The Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctruary is home to the great one horned Indian Rhino, about 900 in number. Apart from Rhinos, it is also famous for Indian Elephants.
 
Namdapha National Park, Arunachal Pradesh
The beautiful forests possess great biodiversity of flora and fauna. Namdapha is Botanist's dream and there is a lot still to be discovered. The park presents a great bio diversity of flora and fauna. The lush green under growths are thick and networked like cobwebs of canes, bamboos, wild bananas and variety of vegetations The grandeur of the wet tropical rain forest is a breeding ground for varieties of animals and birds which is notable and worth seeing.

Nearby Attractions : Tipi Orchidarium at Arunachal Pradesh, Kamrup Kamakhya Temple at Guwahati (Assam), the mighty Brahmaputra river.

Add On
If you are still looking for wildlife then here are some excellent choice.
Dudhwa National Park, Uttar Pradesh
Gulmarg Biosphere Reserve, Jammu & Kashmir
Govind Sagar Sanctuary, Himachal Pradesh
Hemis High Altitude National Park, Jammu & Kashmir
Bandhavgarh National Park, Madhya PradeshKanha National Park, Madhya PradeshPeriyar National Park, KeralaSundarbans National Park, West Bengal

Summer Delights
Every season has a speciality in India. Though most unbearable, summer has its own charm. This is the time when you can relish on Mangoes - India's Most Mouthwatering Product. If you really want to know India better, then start with this fruit. If India is not able to hynotise you, Mango will. This is the season of the Mangoes - the King of All Fruits. Relish on it and its various delicacies. During summers, Mango dominates almost every part of India. Also sip some coconut water if you are in West Bengal or Kerala, this is the finest drink God has created for us. Also savour on the red juicy watermelons, this will help you survive under the burning heat of the Sun.

Few Difficulties : Summer is the toughest period in India. There is scarcity of water everywhere. You might get trapped by some sun borne and water borne diseases like - dehydration, sun stroke, typhoid, etc., as the sun at this part of the world is burning hot. In the remote areas you might not find good quality hospitals.

Few Suggestions : Avoid strenuous activity during the hottest hours, and make sure you drink plenty of non-alcoholic liquids to balance the loss of body fluid through perspiration. What you drink must be safe - either soft drinks from sealed cans or bottles, or water which has been boiled or is bottled.

Carry protective creams suitable for your skin type, which will help protect unavoidably exposed parts of the body. Stay out of the scorching sun, use what shade there is at other times, and cover up with a wide-brimmed hat and tightly woven but loose clothing.

If you want more information on Wildlife India Tour then get back to us, whenever needed. Let us know your requirements, so that we can make your trip to India Wildlife completely exceptional and exciting.

Season wild life in India (Spring)

Spring

Arrival : February
Duration : February to March

Why Spring
The season of spring is a harbinger of joy. In India, too, Spring is a beautiful period when the wintery sun begins to turn warm and the days get longer, not to mention the flowers blooming in full splendour. Spring is the most lovely season in India, when the entire ambience blooms in beauty. The nature around is bedazzled with the colours and fragrance. Though the spring season stays for a very short span of time, it brings newness to the surroundings. The entire atmosphere becomes bouncy.

Venture Around in the Spring
This one period when you can venture where you want. The climate will not be an obstruction on your way. Go to any part of India. Either visit the wildlife or any other attraction, Spring will never dissatisfy you.

Some Wildlife Sites You can visit in India :
Come Explore the Wilds
Where are you? If planning to explore the Indian Wilds, then you are going to achieve some very rare sights, you have ever though of. Yes, India is the land of Tigers, Elephants, Rhinos, Lions, Leopards, Blackbucks, King Cobras, Dancing Peacocks and what not! Still waiting! What are you waiting for? Just pack your bags and kick start your journey to the Wildlife India, something which will not disappoint you, but inspire you to write another "Jungle Book."

Are you in Central India?
Oh yes? this was the place which inspire Rudyard Kipling to write the "Jungle Books. " How can you miss out this? Just come and see what was that, which inspired him to write the "Jungle Books."
Bandhavgarh National Park & Kanha National Park, Madhya Pradesh
Both Bandhavgarh and Kanha are renown for tiger population worldwide. The Bandhavgarh region is blessed with a large variety of natives in terms of floras and faunas. You can easily sight tigers, leopards, spotted deer, wild boars, chinkaras, rhesus macaques, black faced langurs, jackals, foxes, wild dogs, chausinghas and ratels, among others as you venture into the forest area.

Bandhavgarh's most remarkable neighbour is Kanha National Park. If you have missed the tigers at Bandhavgarh, then Kanha will not disappoint you. With high concentration of tigers, Kanha has always captivated a huge section of tourists. When you are at Kanha National Park, you must be looking for the tigers, for which it is famous round the world. Tiger sightings are very common here.

But, as you cruise for tigers, don't ignore its other residents - leopards, gaur, sambar, chausinghas, barasingha, nilgais, sloth bears, barking deer, blackbuck, porcupines, mouse deer, hyenas, jackals, gray langurs, mongoose, jungle cat, etc. Kanha has over 300 different species of birds within its complex.

Nearby Attractions
The temple city of Khajuraho, Gwalior, Ujjain, Sanchi, Panchamarhi,etc.

Wildlife on the Backdrop of Royal Past
Yes, you have guessed right! This is in the royal land of Rajasthan - the Sariska National Park. Situated in the neigbouring state of Madhya Pradesh Sariska is just outstanding. If you have not added this to your wildlife India tour Itinerary, then do it fast, as the scenery which will find here will not find elsewhere.

Sariska National Park, Rajasthan
The Sariska National Park is home to several carnivores including Leopard, Wild Dog, Jungle Cat, Hyena, Jackal, and Tiger. And, you might see them all at the backdrop of the majestic Kankwadi Fort, a vista you will never forget! If you don't believe, then just come and find out. Capture some of them in you camera, so that you can make others believe. The wilds and the history has blended perfectly to offer you something very different. Sharp cliffs of hills and narrow valleys of the Aravallis dominates the landscape of Sariska, making it one of the most captivating wildlife sights of India. As you hunt for some of the most furious creatures, you will be refreshed by the melodious notes of the chirping birds, fighting to capture a space on the verdant vegetation of the park.

Nearby Attractions
If you have lots of time in hand, then sniff out the entire Rajasthan, but, don't get stumbled!
Are you Close to the Man-Eater's of Kumaon?
Yes, then why miss them! Go and find who inspired the great wildlife expert Jim Corbett to write - " The Man-Eater's of Kumaon." Of course take an elephant ride to find them out, because seeing the elephants they will not dare to step towards you.

Corbett National Park, Uttranchal
Take a jeep or an elephant to venture inside the park. An elephant ride will make your trip completely tasteful. Corbett is situated in the state of Uttaranchal in North India. Apart from tigers, elephants, leopards / panthers, jungle cats, fishing cats, leopard cats, Himalayan black bears, hog deer, ghorals, pangolins, martens, civets, otters, blue bulls are some of the species which are found here. Besides, you can also revive yourself in the salubrious ambience of the state.

Nearby Attractions
Do you know that Corbett is very close to the Taj Mahal - "the epitome of love." Then why miss it! just take a drive to this most captivating mausoleum of the world, and you will be dumbfound. But, if you don't want to move anywhere else, then stick to Uttarachal. Uttaranchal is an idealistic destinations for the tired souls.

Interested in Asiatic Lions?
Haven't you got confused? Yes, Asaitic Lions! They are still found in the forests of India! If you are roaming in Rajasthan, then take some time out of your tour itinerary to observe these elusive and ferocious creatures of the Indian Wilds. But, where will you find them - of course at Gir National Park of Gujarat, the neigbouring state to Rajasthan.

Gir national Park, Gujarat
The home of lions - Gir National Park is the most ideal place if you are here to observe Lions. But lions are not all at Gir, in fact, Gir is also home to one of the largest Leopard populations in any park in India. You will not be disappointed at Gir, as Gir National Park shelters numerous other animals, birds and reptiles.

Viewing Wildlife by a Boat Ride
Don't get disappointed, there are a lot more for you. If you have missed something, then here is another chance! Head towards the south and you will be mesmerized to find some rare and endangered species in a completely different settings. The water, the coconut trees, the houseboats, the backwaters all are craving to take you through its very own Periyar National Park, abundant with water, floras and faunas.

Periyar National Park, Kerala
The animals you will find here are Elephants, Tigers, Gaur, Wild Pigs, Sambar, Barking Deer, Mouse Deer, Dole or Indian Wild Dog. There are, now, an estimated 40 tigers in the Periyar national Park. Four species of primates found at Periyar are - the rare lion-tailed macaque, the Nilgiri Langur, Common Langur And Bonnet Macaque. Periyar also inhabits the elusive Nilgiri Tahr, which is rarely seen here. Head toward the Periyar lake to get a glimpse of the beautiful birds residing in the park.
Ready to take another Boat Ride!
Yes! this will be your ultimate destination to search for the Royal Bengal Tigers. The evergreen abode of the world's most luxuriant mangrove vegetation in the Sundarbans is the home of the biggest colony of Royal Bengal Tigers.

Sundarbans National Park, West Bengal
Are you still crazy to see the elusive tigers. Sundarbans forest inhabits more than 400 tigers. At Sundarbans, you will find them in a different sport - the Royal Bengal Tigers here are extremely good swimmers, so, who knows you might meet them at the middle of the river, while riding a boat! Isn't that exciting!

But, as you thrive to get a single glimpse of the Royal Bengal Tiger, you might come across - Fishing Cats, Macaques, Wild Boar, Common Grey Mongoose, Fox, Jungle Cat, Flying Fox, Pangolin, Chitals, etc. on the way. Besides, you can also meet various resident and foreign birds.

Are you close to the territory of the Rhinos?
Of course! Kaziranga the home of the One-horned Rhinos is not too far from Sundarbans. If you are keen on seeing them, then reach out to them at the Kaziranga National Park at Assam in the northeast India.

Kaziranga National Park, Assam
If you are hunting for Rhinos, then this is the place for you. Kaziranga supports the largest number of rhino in the subcontinent. The Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctruary is home to the great one horned Indian Rhino, about 900 in number. Apart from Rhinos, it is also famous for Indian Elephants.

Add On
» If you are still looking for wildlife then here are some excellent choice.
» Bandipur National Park, Karnataka
» Ranthambhore National Park, Rajasthan
» Panna National Park, Madhya Pradesh
» Dachigam National Park, Jammu & Kashmir
» Royal Chitwan, Nepal
» Rajaji National Park, Uttranchal
» Dudhwa National Park, Uttar Pradesh
» The Great Himalayan National Park, Himachal Pradesh
Spring Delights
Spring is the queen of all seasons. As the Spring arrives, the complete ambience is adorned with flowers and greenery. The climate reverberates, the trees are more green with newly born shoots, the gardens blossom with multihued flower. The entire atmosphere is composed and rosy. It is in this month that the festival of colours, Holi is celebrated. And, if you are desirous of being a part of the India marriage ceremony, then this is the ideal time for you, as most couples unite during this time of the year.

Few Difficulties
People generally speak their local language, the educated one can speak English. You might be in trouble, while searching for your kind of food. Except from some luxurious hotels, you may not find your choice of food. Transportation in the remote areas are not too appreciable. And, if you are keen on playing Holi then be careful about the colour you are going to use. And yes, if you are going to attend the Indian marriage ceremony, then be cautious while swallowing the spicy Indian cuisine.

Few Suggestions
Don't get into any unknown or illegal activity. Do not disturb the local culture and local atmosphere. Try to respect the local lifestyle. Get well informed about the routes and the place you are going to visit. Drink packaged bottled water and consume food from an authentic place. Don't get into too spicy India dishes. Drink lots of water and juice. Contact us whenever in trouble, while travelling Wildlife India.

If you want more information on Wildlife India Tour then get back to us, whenever needed. Let us know your requirements, so that we can make your trip to India Wildlife completely exceptional and exciting.

Indian Elephant

Know the Indian ElephantsThe Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) is a one of three subspecies of the Asian elephant ''Elephas maximus". The other two subspecies of the Asian elephant are E. m. sumatranus on Sumatra and E. m. maximus on Sri Lanka. The Indian elephant for example, is larger, has longer front legs and a thinner body as compared to other Asian elephants found in Thailand.

Through adaptive radiation, elephants until the Pleistocene Era (2 million years ago) had spread throughout the world except for Australia, New Zealand and Antarctica. Their majestic size was one factor in allowing this immense radiation and they could be found in a wide variety of habitats from desert to high mountain forest areas. They can easily move through swamps or climb mountainous terrain that is too difficult for a horse.

Physical Feature
The Asian elephant has been captured, tamed and worked by people for more than 4,000 years; it triggers the human imagination like no other animal. An average Indian elephant is anything between 2.4 m to 3 m tall, and weighs anything between 3,600 kg to 5000 kg! Elephants in general are the largest existing land mammals and they have the biggest brains in the animal kingdom (weighing 5 kg or 11 lbs). Their hearts beat 28 times a minute. It also requires about 200 kg of green fodder, and due to dwindling habitat areas, there has been a drastic fall in their numbers. They are now an endangered species.

Key Factors
Class : Mammalia
Indian Elephant : Elephas maximus indicus
Population : India’s elephant population is estimated between 10,000 and 15,000, the largest in Asia.
Major Sites : About half of these are found in the northeastern states of
Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Meghalaya located in far northeastern India.
Characteristics
The basic social structure is made up of a family group consisting of 2 to 10 females and their offspring. It has been found that groups of 3 or less adult females with offspring are more stable than larger groups. Young males start to move out of the family group between the ages of 6 and 7 years old. Young males mix up with each other in transitory groups until they reach adulthood. When they become full-grown males they live in solitude and only associate with a group when courting a female in estrus.

There are only two elephant species existing today - the African Elephant, and the Asian or Indian Elephant. The African species are bigger then the Indian one. Elephants live in a matriarchal society that are led by females in herds of 3 to 10, with 2-3 mature cows, calves and sub-adults all traverse together from one place to another in search of food. Adult males are separated from the herd as a protection against inbreeding. The gestation period of elephants is very long, from between 19 to 21 months, and hence the birth rate is low. Also, there has to be a minimum interval of four years between two calves, and so the growth rate of the population is slow too. However, the life expectancy of an Indian Elephant is 70 to 80 years, and they are versatile creatures that adapt to diverse living conditions.

Habitat & Diets
The Asian elephant is found in the wild in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam. Asian elephants are randomly nomadic in accord with the season. Historically, they travel on a set course over longer periods that may take them as much as ten years to complete before arriving back at any one point. However, these travel patterns have been greatly reduced as fast-growing human populations now confine most elephants to National Parks because of habitat destruction and settlement encroachment.

They are found in a wide variety of forest types, but they tend to avoid large forests of closed canopies. Their distribution is limited by the need for water (about 100 liters) every day. Elephants are herbivores and spend up to 20 hours a day eating anywhere from 150 kg to 300 kg of jungle fodder or 6% to 8% of their body weight in food each day. They prefer feeding on grasses; however they also eat large amounts of bark, roots and leaves. Understandably, when elephants come across cultivated crops this food becomes addicting and as a result leads to human elephant confrontations. As far as cultivated foods, they seem to prefer rice, bananas and sugar cane.

Elephants & Conservation
The elephant population is vulnerable to unscrupulous poachers due to their precious ivory tusks. Elephant tusks can weigh up to 22 kg a pair. Elephants feed on barks, roots, fruit and grasses. The elephant population is now part of the Elephant Project, a nation wide conservation effort to protect these lumbering beasts from extinction. Manas, Corbett, Dalma and Palamu, Bandipur and Nagarhole, Periyar and Madumalai are the best places to watch the Indian Elephant in its natural habitat.

The Peacock

Know the PeacockPeacocks, commonly called peafowl (peacock refers to the male), are large pheasants, family Phasianidae, of the Indian-Asian region. They are found in dry forests, mostly in small groups containing of one male and several females. Peafowl rarely fly; instead, they run from danger. True peafowl include the blue peacock, Pavo cristatus, of India and Sri Lanka, and the green peacock, P. muticus, of Burma and Indochina. A rare and aberrant form, the Congo peacock, Afropavo congensis, is found only in forests of the Congo basin in Africa.

Mythological Significance
The peafowl is prominent in the mythology and folklore of the Indian people. The Hindus consider the bird to be sacred because the god Kartikeya (son of the Lord Shiva and Parvati and brother to the god Ganesh) rides on its back. Legends hold that the peafowl can charm snakes and addle their eggs. Peacock always accompanies the images of Lord Krishna. And the beautiful peacock feather is also part of Lord Krishna's crown.

The peacock finds reference in the Greek myth, in the bible, and was known to the pharaoh of Egypt and to the 14th century Europe, where it was roasted and served to in its own plumage.

Physical Features
The male Indian Peafowl, commonly known as the peacock, is one of the most recognisable birds in the world. These large, brightly colored birds have a distinctive crest and an unmistakable ornamental train. The train (1.4-1.6 meters in length) accounts for more than 60% of their total body length (2.3 meters). Combined with a large wingspan (1.4-1.6 meters), this train makes the male peafowl one of the largest flying birds in the world. The train is formed by 100-150 highly specialized uppertail-coverts. Each of these feathers sports an ornamental ocellus, or eye-spot, and has long disintegrated barbs, giving the feathers a loose, fluffy look. When displaying to a female, the peacock erects this train into a spectacular fan, presenting the ocelli to their best advantage.

The more subtly coloured female Peafowl is mostly brown above with a white belly. Her ornamentation is limited to a prominent crest and green neck feathers. Though females (2.75-4.0 kg) weigh nearly as much as the males (4.0-6.0 kg), they rarely exceed 1.0 meter in total body length.

Social Characteristics
Peacock or peafowl Large bird belonging to the pheasant family, in East Asia being its native region. The crested common peacock during courtship displays his elongated upper tail which converts into a magnificent green and gold erectile train adorned with green blue " eyes " before the duller plumaged peahen. The peacock is a ornamental bird and is of quarrelsome nature and does not mix well with other domestic animals.

Habitat & Diet
They are omnivorous, obtaining most of their food by scratching the leaf litter with their strong feet. Indian Peafowl do most of their foraging in the early morning and shortly before sunset. They retreat to the shade and security of the forest for the hottest portion of the day. Foods include grains, insects, small reptiles, small mammals, berries, drupes, wild figs, and some cultivated crops.

Key Factors
Family : Phasianidae
Eating Habit : Omnivorous
Blue Peacock : Pavo cristatus (found in India and Sri Lanka)
Green Peacock : P. muticus (found in Burma and Indochina)
Congo Peacock : Afropavo congensis (found in the Congo basin in Africa)
Major Sites : Indus river, Jammu and Kashmir, east
Assam, south Mizoram and the whole of the Indian peninsula.

National Bird of India
The Indian peacock, Pavo cristatus (Linnaeus), the national bird of India, is a colourful, swan-sized bird, with a fan-shaped crest of feathers, a white patch under the eye and a long, slender neck.

Major Sites
The Indian Peafowl occurs from eastern Pakistan through India, south from the Himalayas to Sri Lanka. Though once common in Bangladesh, it may now be extinct in that country. In its native India, the peafowl is a creature of the open forests and riparian undergrowth. In southern India, it also prefers stream-side forests but may also be found in orchards and other cultivated areas.

Peacock & Conservation
The peacock is widely found in the Indian sub-continent from the south and east of the Indus river, Jammu and Kashmir, east Assam, south Mizoram and the whole of the Indian peninsula. The peacock enjoys immense protection. It is fully protected under the Indian Wildlife Protection) Act, 1972.

This long and close association with humans has proven the peafowl’s adaptability to human-altered landscapes. This species does not appear to need any additional legal protection or conservation attention.